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Revelation for Believers concerning those who Insult prophets

The world without Darul Islam, without Islamic governance, without the justice and supremacy of the sharia’h is a world of darkness and oppression. The Muslims and non-Muslims face the daily exploitation, corruption and hatred of the secular elite for all things honorable and good. Not only have the evil anti-Islamic powers murdered millions of Muslims and imprisoned and tortured thousands more, not only have they set up tyrants over every Muslim land and replaced the Islamic system by deception, conspiracy and force, but they have also continually distorted Islam and demonized its callers and now insulted the Prophet Muhammad (saw) on top of their other insults to other prophets and mockery of true religion as a whole. A further plot is the mass control of Muslim opinion via the setting up of fake Imaams, deviant organizations, treacherous scholars and false representatives who are used to pacify and anaesthetize Muslims who respond to the latest attacks on Islam, in service of the global secular agenda. Immediately after the publication of material insulting the Prophet (saw), all across Europe we have heard the usual chorus from sell-out figure heads calling on Muslims to have ‘no anger’ and condemning any Muslims who display ‘extreme views’ etc. Instead of this modern, impotent misguidance called ‘moderation’ which has been engineered to smooth the way for neo-colonial policies against the Muslim world, let us look to the roots of Islam, the Divine Text and the statements of those scholars who lived in when the best laws were implemented and humanity enjoyed the justice of Islamic society.

The Obligation to Love the Prophet (saw) more than all other people
Abu Hurayrah reported that Rasool Allah (saw) said “By Him in whose hand my soul lies, none of you believe until I am more beloved to him than his father and son.” (BUKHAARI Kitaab al Imaan [vol.1 no.13]) and Anaas bin Maalik reported that Nabi (saw) said "There are three characteristics, whoever has them will find the sweetness of imaan - That Allah and His messenger are more beloved to him than all else, that he loves a person and does not love him except for Allah and that he would hate to revert to kufr just as he would hate to be thrown into the Fire." (BUKHAARI [1/60] MUSLIM [no.67,68,69]) and Anaas bin Maalik narrated that Rasool Allah (saw) said “None of you believe until I am more beloved to him than his family, wealth and all the people.” And in the wording collected by Imaam Muslim, “…than the members of his household, his wealth and all the people.” And in another narration “…than his child, his father and all the people.” (BUKHAARI Kitaab al Imaan [vol.1 no.14] MUSLIM Kitaab al Imaan [vol.1 no.70,71]) and A’bdullah bin Hisham narrated ‘We were with the Prophet(saw) and he was holding the hand of U’mar ibn al-Khattab, U’mar said to him, ‘O Rasool Allah! You are dearer to me than everything except my ownself.’ Rasool Allah (saw) said "No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, (you will not have complete belief) until I am dearer to you than your ownself." Then 'Umar said, ‘However, now, by Allah, you are dearer to me than my ownself.’ He (SAAW) then said: "Now, O 'Umar, (now you are a believer)." (BUKHAARI) With these ahadeeth considered, what is the state of belief for an ummah who shows aggression about the insults towards their own families but are silent and passive when a Prophet is insulted, mocked and cursed?

A Believer has Anger for the Sake of Allah
The anger and hatred that was criticized in the Quran and Sunnah is anger without grounds, or anger for wrong reasons or anger acted upon to excess....e.g. rather than stoning the adulterer, you torture then stone them, this would be excess and transgression [u'dwaan]. There is also a great difference between anger on caused by transgressions against the deen and anger caused by transgressions against one’s personal material interests and reputation. It was this type of anger that was implied by such ayaat as “…Who spend [in His way] in time of plenty and in time of hardship, and hold in check their anger, and pardon their fellow-men because God loves the doers of good” (aali I’mraan 3:134) and “…And who shun the more heinous sins and abominations, and who, whenever they are moved to anger, readily forgive” (ash Shoora 42:37) The previous ayaat clearly praising those who forgive transgressions against themselves personally. However, anger for the sake of Allah is a sound emotion for a believer to possess, Allah (swt) has Divine Anger, "not of those who have gained Your Anger..." (al Faatiha 1:7) and the Prophet (saw) would also get angry for the sake of Allah, and many ahadeeth mentioned that in different circumstances e.g. Abu Masoo’d reports a man said ‘O Rasool Allah! I keep away from the morning prayer only because so and so prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it.’ The narrator said ‘I never saw Rasool Allah as severely angry in giving advice than he was at that time. He then said “Some of you make people dislike good deeds…” (BUKHAARI Kitaab Abwaab al Adhaan [vol.1 no.670]) and Aisha [r] narrated "...and Rasool Allah (saw) never took revenge on his own behalf for anything unless something forbidden had been transgressed in which event he took revenge for it for the sake of Allah." (BUKHAARI, MUSLIM, ABU DAWOOD and others) Muslims were commanded to love and hate for the sake of Allah as well, Abu Umaamah reported that Nabi (saw) said "He who loves for Allah and hates for Allah and gives for Allah and withholds for Allah has perfected imaan." (ABU DAWOOD, TIRMIDHI, AHMAD, BAGHAWI, TABARAANI) and Baraa' bin Aa'zib reported that Rasool Allah (saw) said "Indeed the firmest handhold on imaan is that you love for Allah and hate for Allah" (AHMAD, IBN ABI SHAYBAH, AT-TAYAALISI) Therefore it is deviant not to have anger for malicious transgressions against the deen.

The Judgement on the one who insults a prophet in the light of the Quran, Sunnah and Classical U’lemaa’
Allah (swt) says “Those who harm* Allah and his messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and in the next and has prepared for them a humiliating punishment.” (al Ahzaab 33:57) Qadi A’yaad says ‘He (swt) said something similar about those who kill the believers. Part of the curse on them in this world is that they are killed, Allah (swt) says “Cursed they will be. Wherever they are found, they are seized and slain.” (al Ahzaab 33:61) …This is because there is a difference between their harming Allah and His Messenger and harming the believers. Injuring the believers, short of murder, incurs beating and exemplary punishment. The judgement against those who harm Allah and his messenger is more severe, the death penalty.’ (QADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.377]) [*NOTE: The word ‘harm’ here is a translation of the word ‘yu’dhoona’ although in English it implies an effect on the object, here it signifies the active party. In reality Allah can never be harmed and the Messenger (saw) can not be harmed after his passing. Rather, only the one directing any malicious words or actions towards Allah and the Messenger (saw) will suffer harm ultimately, and perhaps those who neglect their duty in response to that transgression as the ayah says “And fear a fitnah [calamity] which effects not in particular those who oppress among you, and Allah is Shadeedul I’qaab [Severe in Punishment].” (al Anfaal 8:25)]

Allah (swt) says “If you ask them, they will say ‘We were only talking idly and joking.’ Say: ‘What, were you then mocking Allah, His Signs and His Messenger? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after your belief.” (at Tawbah 9:65-66) This is kufr and the hadd for that is death as Ibn A’bbaas reports that Nabi (saw) said “Whoever changes his deen kill him.” (BUKHAARI, ABU DAWOOD, IBN MAAJAH and in the mursal of Zayd ibn Aslam with the words “…strike his neck.” MAALIK kitaabul Aqdiyah [vol.2 no.1444])

A’li ibn Abi Talib reported that Nabi (saw) said “Whoever curses a prophet kill him. Whoever curses my companions beat him.” (TABARAANI, DARAQUTNI)

Ibn A’bbaas said ‘A blind man had an Umm Walad who used to abuse the Prophet (saw) and disparage him. He forbade but she did not stop, he rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. On one night, she began to slander the Prophet (saw) and abuse him, so he took a dagger, placed it on her stomach, pressed it and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet (saw) was informed about it, he assembled the people and said “I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should get up.” Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling, the man stood up. He sat before the Prophet (saw) said, ‘Rasool Allah, I am her master. She used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her but she did not stop, I rebuked her but she did not leave her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you again, so I took a dagger and put it on her stomach and pressed it until I killed her.’ Thereupon, the Prophet (saw) said “Be witness, the spilling of her blood requires no retaliation.” (ABU DAWOOD Kitaab al Hudood [vol.3 no.1033])

Jaabir ibn A’bdullah reports that Rasool Allah (saw) said “Who will deal with Ka’b ibn al Ashraf? He has sought to harm Allah and His Messenger.” Muhammad bin Maslama arose and replied ‘O Rasool Allah, do you wish that I kill him?’ He (saw) replied “Yes.” ‘Then please permit me to say something.’ “Do so.” He was told.’ (BUKHAARI)

A’li ibn Abi Talib said “A Jewess used to abuse the Prophet (saw) and disparage him. A man strangled her until she died. The Messenger of Allah (saw) declared that no recompense was payable for her blood.” (ABU DAWOOD Kitaab al Hudood [vol.3 no.4349])

Abu Barzah reports ‘I was with Abu Bakr. He became angry at a man and uttered hot words. I said ‘Do you permit me that I strike his neck?’ These words of mine removed his anger, he stood and went in. He then sent for me and said ‘What did you say just now?’ I said ‘Permit me that I cut his neck.’ He said, ‘Would you do it if I ordered you?’ I said ‘Yes.’ He said “No, I swear by Allah, this is not allowed for any man after Muhammad (saw).” ((ABU DAWOOD Kitaab al Hudood [vol.3 no.4350]) Based on the Quran, Sunnah, practice and statements of the sahaabah and the khulafaa raashideen, we note the views of the classical u’lemaa:-

· Imaam Maalik ibn Anas [d.179 h.] said “Any Muslim who curses the Prophet (saw) is killed without being asked to repent.” (SAHNOON ‘al Mudawwanatul Kubra’, AL U’TBI ‘al U’tbiyyah’, QADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’)
· Imaam Ibn al Qaasim [d.196 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said “Anyone who curses him, reviles him, finds fault with him or disparages him is killed. The community says that he should be killed just like the dualist. Allah made it obligatory to respect the Prophet and be dutiful to him.” He also said “Any Jew or Christian who curses the Prophets in any way other than that by which he normally disbelieves is beheaded unless he becomes Muslim.” (AL U’TBI ‘al Utibiyyah’, QAADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.374] & second quote [p.439] )
· Imaam Sahnoon [d.240 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said about those who curse the Prophet (saw) “This is apostacy in exactly the same way as zandaqah is. Therefore there is some dispute about whether such a person should be called to repent (as a Muslim) or whether he is a disbeliever. Is he to be killed by a hadd punishment (as a Muslim) or for disbelief?” (QAADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.374])
· Imaam ibn al Mundhir [d.319 h. Shafi’i Madh-hab] Qadi A’yaad said “Abu Bakr ibn al Mundhir said that the bulk of the people of knowledge agree that whoever curses the Prophet (saw) is killed.” (QAADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.373])
· Shaykh Abu’l Hasan al Qaabisi [d.324 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said “When a person’s curse (of a prophet) is proven and then he repents of what he has done and shows his repentance, he is killed for the curse as a hadd punishment.” (QAADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.402])
· Imaam Ibn Abi Zayd al Qayrawaani [d.386 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said “If someone speaks disrespectfully of the Messenger of Allah (saw) he should be put to death without accepting his repentance. If someone from a tolerated class speaks disrespectfully of him, aside from simply expressing his disbelief, he should be put to death unless he becomes a Muslim.” (Al QAYRAWAANI ‘ar Risaalah’ [p.173])
· Imaam Ibn Hazm [d.456 h. Zaahiri Madh-hab] said "A person who insults Allah (swt) or any of His prophets is a disbeliever and must be executed without mercy or compensation." (IBN HAZM 'al Muhalla' [vol.11 no.2308])
· Qaadi A’yaad [d.544 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said “Know that all who curse Muhammad (saw), or blame him or attributes imperfection to him in his person, his lineage, his deen or any of his qualities, or alludes to that or its like by any means whatsoever, whether in the form of a curse or contempt or belittling him or detracting from him or finding fault with him or maligning him, the judgment regarding such a person is the same the judgement against anyone who curses him. He is killed as we will make clear. This judgment extends to anything which amounts to a curse or a disparagement. We have no hesitation concerning this matter, be it a clear statement or allusion. The same applies to anyone who curses him, invokes against him, desires to harm him, ascribes to him what does not befit his position or jokes about his mighty affair with foolish talk, satire, disliked words or lies, or reviles him because of any affliction or trial which happened to him or disparages him, because of any of the permissible and well-known human events which happened to him. All of this is the consensus of the u’lamaa and the Imaams of fatwa from the time of the sahaabah until today.” (QADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.373])
· Sidi Khaleel [d.676 h. Maaliki Madh-hab] said concerning issues which break the contract of protection for the dhimmi [the non-Muslim living in Dar al Islam] “Insults a prophet with slander over and above what constitutes his disbelief…he should be put to death unless he embraces Islam.” (KHALEEL ‘al Mukhtasar’)
· Imaam Ibn Naqeeb al Misri [d.769 h. Shafi’i Madh-hab] said “When a person who has reached puberty and is sane, voluntarily apostatizes from Islam, he deserves to be killed….(and he included the following as apostacy:-) …to revile Allah or His Messenger…” (IBN NAQEEB AL MISRI ‘U’mdat as Saalik wa U’ddat an-Naasik’ Kitaab al Jinayaat [p.596-597])

The One who Loves Muhammad (saw) will hate his enemies
Two clear signs according to Revelation of love for the prophet (saw) is to oppose his enemies and implement his commands. Allah (swt) says "You will not find any people that believe in Allah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even though they were their fathers, sons, brothers or relatives. For such He has written imaan in their hearts and strengthened them with Ruh from from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens underneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. They are the party of Allah (hizbullaah). Verily, it is the party of Allah that will be successful." (al Mujaadilah 58:22) and “Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe [ashiddaa’u] against the disbelievers and merciful [ruhamaa’u] among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate, seeking bounty from Allah and His Pleasure. You see the signs of prostration on their faces…” (al Fath 48:29) Tameem ad Daari reports that Nabi (saw) said “The deen is nasiha, the deen is nasiha, the deen is nasiha” They said ‘To whom, Yaa rasool Allah?’ “To Allah, His Book, His messenger, the aai’mmah and the public (a’aammatihim)” (MUSLIM, ABU DAWOOD kitaabul Adab [no.4923] AN NASAA’I kitaabul Baya’h [8/156]) Qadi A’yaad [d. 544 h. Maalilki Madh-hab] said concerning the above words “(Naseehah to) His Messenger”, “Naseehah to the Messenger is confirming his prophethood and obeying him in what he commands and forbids.” (QADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifaa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.232]) and Imaam Ibn Rajab [d.795 h. Hanbali Madh-hab] said the same “Naseehah for His Messenger is belief in his prophethood and obeying him in what he commanded and prohibited.” (IBN RAJAB ‘Jaami’ al U’loom wal Hikaam’ [p.111]) Imaam an Nawawi [d.676 h. Shafi’i Madh-hab] said in explanation of the same words, ‘As for sincerity [naseehah] to His Messenger (saw) it is affirmation of him for his message, affirmation of everything that he brought, obeying him in his command and in his prohibition, helping him in his life and after his death, showing enmity to whoever shows enmity to him and friendship to whoever shows friendship to him, exalting his right and showing respect for him, bringing his way and his sunnah to life, spreading his da’wah and his sunnah, rejecting any suspicion about it…” (NAWAWI ‘al Arba-a’yn’ [no.7])

The one who Loves Muhammad (saw) will follow his sunnah, implement his commands and love the laws revealed through him
Qadi A’yaad [d. 544 h. Maalilki Madh-hab] said “Know that someone who loves a person prefers them and prefers what they like. Otherwise he is a pretender, insincere in his love. Someone who has true love for the Prophet (saw) will manifest the following signs. The first sign is that he will emulate him, apply his sunnah, follow his words and actions, obey his commands and avoid his prohibitions and take on his adab in ease and in hardship, joy and despair. Allah (swt) testifies to that, “Say: ‘If you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Ghafoor [Forgiving] Raheem [Mericful].” (aali I’mraan 3:31)…Another sign is hatred for anyone who hates Allah and His Messenger, having enmity towards all who have enmity towards him, avoidance of all those who oppose his sunnah and introduce innovations into his deen, and finding every matter contrary to his sharia’h burdensome. Allah (swt) says "You will not find any people that believe in Allah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even though they were their fathers, sons, brothers or relatives. For such He has written imaan in their hearts and strengthened them with Ruh from from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens underneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. They are the party of Allah (hizbullaah). Verily, it is the party of Allah that will be successful." (al Mujaadilah 58:22)” (QADI A’YAAD ‘ash Shifaa bi Ta’rif Huqooq Mustafaa’ [p.226 & p.228])

So what is the state of one who opposes what the sharia’h commands about any issue, including the hadd for those who insult prophets? Allah (swt) says “Let those beware who oppose his order [amr] lest some calamity befall them or a grievous penalty be inflicted upon them” (an Noor 24:63) and “It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision.” (al Ahzaab 33:36) and "But no by your Lord, they can have no imaan until they set you (O Muhammad) judge in any disputes that arise among them and then find in themselves no resistance against your decisions but submit to them with fullest submission (yusallimu tasleema)." (an Nisaa 4:65) and A’bdullah ibn A’mru ibn al A’ss reported that Rasool Allah (saw) said “None of you believe until his desires are in accordance with what I have come with.” (BAGHAWI ‘Sharhus Sunnah’, KHATEEB ‘Tareekh Baghdad’, IBN ABI AA’SIM ‘as Sunnah’, AL ISBAHAANI ‘Kitaab al Hujjah’)